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Global Carbon Budget
Publications

Papers, Contributors and how to cite Global Carbon Budget 2018

The primary reference for Carbon Budget 2018 is:

Global Carbon Budget 2018, by Corinne Le Quéré, Robbie M. Andrew, Pierre Friedlingstein, Stephen Sitch, Judith Hauck, Julia Pongratz, Penelope A. Pickers, Jan Ivar Korsbakken, Glen P. Peters, Josep G. Canadell, Almut Arneth, Vivek K. Arora, Leticia Barbero, Ana Bastos, Laurent Bopp, Frédéric Chevallier, Louise P. Chini, Philippe Ciais, Scott C. Doney, Thanos Gkritzalis, Daniel S. Goll, Ian Harris, Vanessa Haverd, Forrest M. Hoffman, Mario Hoppema, Richard A. Houghton, George Hurtt, Tatiana Ilyina, Atul K. Jain, Truls Johannessen, Chris D. Jones, Etsushi Kato, Ralph F. Keeling, Kees Klein Goldewijk, Peter Landschützer, Nathalie Lefèvre, Sebastian Lienert, Zhu Liu, Danica Lombardozzi, Nicolas Metzl, David R. Munro, Julia E. M. S. Nabel, Shin-ichiro Nakaoka, Craig Neill, Are Olsen, Tsueno Ono, Prabir Patra, Anna Peregon, Wouter Peters, Philippe Peylin, Benjamin Pfeil, Denis Pierrot, Benjamin Poulter, Gregor Rehder, Laure Resplandy, Eddy Robertson, Matthias Rocher, Christian Rödenbeck, Ute Schuster, Jörg Schwinger, Roland Séférian, Ingunn Skjelvan, Tobias Steinhoff, Adrienne Sutton, Pieter P. Tans, Hanqin Tian, Bronte Tilbrook, Francesco N. Tubiello, Ingrid T. van der Laan-Luijkx, Guido R. van der Werf, Nicolas Viovy, Anthony P. Walker, Andrew J. Wiltshire, Rebecca Wright, Sönke Zaehle, and Bo Zheng (2018), Earth System Science Data, 10, 1-54, 2018, DOI: 10.5194/essd-10-2141-2018.

Contact lead author: Corinne Le Quéré

Otherwise please refer as: Global Carbon Project (2018) Carbon budget and trends 2018. [www.globalcarbonproject.org/carbonbudget] published on 5 December 2018, along with any other original peer-reviewed papers and data sources as appropriate.

Additional Analyses for Carbon Budget 2018:

Emissions are still rising: ramp up the cuts by Figueres, C., C. Le Quéré, G. P. Peters, G. Whiteman, A. Mahindra, D. Guan, et al. (2018), Nature, vol 564, 27-30, 2018. DOI: 10.1038/d41586-018-07585-6.

Global Energy Growth Is Outpacing Decarbonization by RB Jackson, C Le Quéré, RM Andrew, JG Canadell, JI Korsbakken, Z Liu, GP Peters, and B Zheng (2018), Environmental Research Letters. 5 December 2018. DOI: 10.1088/1748-9326/af303.

Access to papers

For data sources refer to Data.

Contributors to Global Carbon Budget 2018

  • Corinne Le Quéré (Tyndall Centre for Climate Change Research, University of East Anglia, Norwich Research Park, Norwich NR4 7TJ, UK)
  • Robbie M. Andrew (CICERO Center for International Climate Research, Oslo 0349, Norway)
  • Pierre Friedlingstein (College of Engineering, Mathematics and Physical Sciences, University of Exeter, Exeter EX4 4QF, UK)
  • Stephen Sitch (College of Life and Environmental Sciences, University of Exeter, Exeter EX4 4RJ, UK)
  • Judith Hauck (Alfred Wegener Institute Helmholtz Centre for Polar and Marine Research, Postfach 120161, 27515 Bremerhaven, Germany)
  • Julia Pongratz (Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität Munich, Luisenstr. 37, 80333 Munich, Germany and Max Planck Institute for Meteorology, Hamburg, Germany)
  • Glen P. Peters (CICERO Center for International Climate Research, Oslo 0349, Norway)
  • Robert B. Jackson (Department of Earth System Science, Woods Institute for the Environment, and Precourt Institute for Energy, Stanford University, Stanford, CA 94305, USA)
  • Josep G. Canadell (Global Carbon Project, CSIRO Oceans and Atmosphere, GPO Box 1700, Canberra, ACT 2601, Australia)
  • Almut Arneth (Karlsruhe Institute of Technology, Institute of Meteorology and Climate Research/Atmospheric Environmental Research, 82467 Garmisch-Partenkirchen, Germany)
  • Vivek K. Arora (Canadian Centre for Climate Modelling and Analysis, Climate Research Division, Environment and Climate Change Canada, Victoria, BC, Canada)
  • Leticia Barbero (Cooperative Institute for Marine and Atmospheric Studies, Rosenstiel School for Marine and Atmospheric Science, University of Miami, Miami, FL 33149, USA and National Oceanic & Atmospheric Administration/Atlantic Oceanographic & Meteorological Laboratory (NOAA/AOML), Miami, FL 33149, USA)
  • Ana Bastos (Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität Munich, Luisenstr. 37, 80333 Munich, Germany)
  • Laurent Bopp (Laboratoire de Météorologie Dynamique, Institut Pierre-Simon Laplace, CNRS-ENS-UPMC-X, Département de Géosciences, Ecole Normale Supérieure, 24 rue Lhomond, 75005 Paris, France)
  • Frédéric Chevallier (Laboratoire des Sciences du Climat et de l'Environnement, Institut Pierre-Simon Laplace, CEA-CNRS-UVSQ, CE Orme des Merisiers, 91191 Gif-sur-Yvette CEDEX, France)
  • Louise P. Chini (Department of Geographical Sciences, University of Maryland, College Park, Maryland 20742, USA)
  • Philippe Ciais (Laboratoire des Sciences du Climat et de l'Environnement, Institut Pierre-Simon Laplace, CEA-CNRS-UVSQ, CE Orme des Merisiers, 91191 Gif-sur-Yvette CEDEX, France)
  • Scott C. Doney (University of Virginia, Charlottesville, VA 22904, USA)
  • Thanos Gkritzalis (Flanders Marine Institute (VLIZ), Wanelaarkaai 7, 8400 Ostend, Belgium)
  • Daniel S. Goll (Laboratoire des Sciences du Climat et de l'Environnement, Institut Pierre-Simon Laplace, CEA-CNRS-UVSQ, CE Orme des Merisiers, 91191 Gif-sur-Yvette CEDEX, France)
  • Ian Harris (NCAS-Climate, Climatic Research Unit, School of Environmental Sciences, University of East Anglia, Norwich Research Park, Norwich, NR4 7TJ, UK)
  • Vanessa Haverd (CSIRO Oceans and Atmosphere, GPO Box 1700, Canberra, ACT 2601, Australia)
  • Forrest M. Hoffman (Computational Earth Sciences Group, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, Tennessee, USA)
  • Mario Hoppema (Alfred Wegener Institute Helmholtz Centre for Polar and Marine Research, Postfach 120161, 27515 Bremerhaven, Germany)
  • Richard A. Houghton (Woods Hole Research Center (WHRC), Falmouth, MA 02540, USA)
  • George Hurtt (Department of Geographical Sciences, University of Maryland, College Park, Maryland 20742, USA)
  • Tatiana Ilyina (Max Planck Institute for Meteorology, Hamburg, Germany)
  • Atul K. Jain (Department of Atmospheric Sciences, University of Illinois, Urbana, IL 61821, USA)
  • Truls Johannessen (Geophysical Institute, University of Bergen and Bjerknes Centre for Climate Research, Allégaten 70, 5007 Bergen, Norway)
  • Chris D. Jones (Met Office Hadley Centre, FitzRoy Road, Exeter EX1 3PB, UK)
  • Etsushi Kato (Institute of Applied Energy (IAE), Minato-ku, Tokyo 105-0003, Japan)
  • Ralph F. Keeling (University of California, San Diego, Scripps Institution of Oceanography, La Jolla, CA 92093-0244, USA)
  • Kees Klein Goldewijk (PBL Netherlands Environmental Assessment Agency, Bezuidenhoutseweg 30, P.O. Box 30314, 2500 GH, The Hague, the Netherlands and Faculty of Geosciences, Department IMEW, Copernicus Institute of Sustainable Development, Heidelberglaan 2, P.O. Box 80115, 3508 TC, Utrecht, the Netherlands)
  • Jan Ivar Korsbakken (CICERO Center for International Climate Research, Oslo 0349, Norway)
  • Peter Landschützer (Max Planck Institute for Meteorology, Hamburg, Germany)
  • Nathalie Lefèvre (Sorbonne Universités (UPMC, Univ Paris 06), CNRS, IRD, MNHN, LOCEAN/IPSL Laboratory, 75252 Paris, France)
  • Sebastian Lienert (Climate and Environmental Physics, Physics Institute and Oeschger Centre for Climate Change Research, University of Bern, Bern, Switzerland)
  • Zhu Liu (Tyndall Centre for Climate Change Research, University of East Anglia, Norwich Research Park, Norwich NR4 7TJ, UK and Department of Earth System Science, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084, China)
  • Danica Lombardozzi (National Center for Atmospheric Research, Climate and Global Dynamics, Terrestrial Sciences Section, Boulder, CO 80305, USA)
  • Nicolas Metzl (Sorbonne Universités (UPMC, Univ Paris 06), CNRS, IRD, MNHN, LOCEAN/IPSL Laboratory, 75252 Paris, France)
  • David R. Munro (Department of Atmospheric and Oceanic Sciences and Institute of Arctic and Alpine Research, University of Colorado, Campus Box 450, Boulder, CO 80309-0450, USA)
  • Julia E. M. S. Nabel (Max Planck Institute for Meteorology, Hamburg, Germany)
  • Shin-ichiro Nakaoka (Center for Global Environmental Research, National Institute for Environmental Studies (NIES), 16-2 Onogawa, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305-8506, Japan)
  • Craig Neill (CSIRO Oceans and Atmosphere, P.O. Box 1538, Hobart, Tasmania, 7001, Australia and Antarctic Climate and Ecosystem Cooperative Research Centre, University of Tasmania, Hobart, Australia)
  • Are Olsen (Geophysical Institute, University of Bergen and Bjerknes Centre for Climate Research, Allégaten 70, 5007 Bergen, Norway)
  • Tsueno Ono (National Research Institute for Far Sea Fisheries, Japan Fisheries Research and Education Agency, 2-12-4 Fukuura, Kanazawa-Ku, Yokohama 236-8648, Japan)
  • Prabir Patra (Department of Environmental Geochemical Cycle Research, JAMSTEC, Yokohama, Japan)
  • Anna Peregon (Laboratoire des Sciences du Climat et de l'Environnement, Institut Pierre-Simon Laplace, CEA-CNRS-UVSQ, CE Orme des Merisiers, 91191 Gif-sur-Yvette CEDEX, France)
  • Wouter Peters (Department of Meteorology and Air Quality, Wageningen University & Research, P.O. Box 47, 6700AA Wageningen, the Netherlands and Centre for Isotope Research, University of Groningen, Nijenborgh 6, 9747 AG Groningen, the Netherlands)
  • Philippe Peylin (Laboratoire des Sciences du Climat et de l'Environnement, Institut Pierre-Simon Laplace, CEA-CNRS-UVSQ, CE Orme des Merisiers, 91191 Gif-sur-Yvette CEDEX, France)
  • Benjamin Pfeil (Geophysical Institute, University of Bergen and Bjerknes Centre for Climate Research, Allégaten 70, 5007 Bergen, Norway and NORCE Norwegian Research Centre and Bjerknes Centre for Climate Research, Jahnebakken 5, 5007 Bergen, Norway)
  • Penelope A. Pickers (Centre for Ocean and Atmospheric Sciences, School of Environmental Sciences, University of East Anglia, Norwich Research Park, Norwich NR4 7TJ, UK)
  • Denis Pierrot (Cooperative Institute for Marine and Atmospheric Studies, Rosenstiel School for Marine and Atmospheric Science, University of Miami, Miami, FL 33149, USA and National Oceanic & Atmospheric Administration/Atlantic Oceanographic & Meteorological Laboratory (NOAA/AOML), Miami, FL 33149, USA)
  • Benjamin Poulter (NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, Biospheric Sciences Laboratory, Greenbelt, Maryland 20771, USA)
  • Gregor Rehder (Leibniz Institute for Baltic Sea Research Warnemünde, 18119 Rostock, Germany)
  • Laure Resplandy (Princeton University Department of Geosciences and Princeton Environmental Institute Princeton, New Jersey, USA)
  • Eddy Robertson (Met Office Hadley Centre, FitzRoy Road, Exeter EX1 3PB, UK)
  • Matthias Rocher (Centre National de Recherche Météorologique, Unite mixte de recherche 3589 Météo-France/CNRS, 42 Avenue Gaspard Coriolis, 31100 Toulouse, France)
  • Christian Rödenbeck (Max Planck Institute for Biogeochemistry, P.O. Box 600164, Hans-Knöll-Str. 10, 07745 Jena, Germany)
  • Ute Schuster (College of Life and Environmental Sciences, University of Exeter, Exeter EX4 4RJ, UK)
  • Jörg Schwinger (NORCE Norwegian Research Centre and Bjerknes Centre for Climate Research, Jahnebakken 5, 5007 Bergen, Norway)
  • Roland Séférian (Centre National de Recherche Météorologique, Unite mixte de recherche 3589 Météo-France/CNRS, 42 Avenue Gaspard Coriolis, 31100 Toulouse, France)
  • Ingunn Skjelvan (NORCE Norwegian Research Centre and Bjerknes Centre for Climate Research, Jahnebakken 5, 5007 Bergen, Norway)
  • Tobias Steinhoff (GEOMAR Helmholtz Centre for Ocean Research Kiel, Düsternbrooker Weg 20, 24105, Kiel, Germany)
  • Adrienne Sutton (National Oceanic & Atmospheric Administration/Pacific Marine Environmental Laboratory (NOAA/PMEL), 7600 Sand Point Way NE, Seattle, WA 98115, USA)
  • Pieter P. Tans (National Oceanic & Atmospheric Administration, Earth System Research Laboratory (NOAA/ESRL), Boulder, CO 80305, USA)
  • Hanqin Tian (School of Forestry and Wildlife Sciences, Auburn University, 602 Ducan Drive, Auburn, AL 36849, USA)
  • Bronte Tilbrook (CSIRO Oceans and Atmosphere, P.O. Box 1538, Hobart, Tasmania, 7001, Australia and Antarctic Climate and Ecosystem Cooperative Research Centre, University of Tasmania, Hobart, Australia)
  • Francesco N. Tubiello (Statistics Division, Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, Via Terme di Caracalla, Rome 00153, Italy)
  • Ingrid T. van der Laan-Luijkx (Department of Meteorology and Air Quality, Wageningen University & Research, P.O. Box 47, 6700AA Wageningen, the Netherlands)
  • Guido R. van der Werf (Faculty of Science, Vrije Universiteit, Amsterdam, the Netherlands)
  • Nicolas Viovy (Laboratoire des Sciences du Climat et de l'Environnement, Institut Pierre-Simon Laplace, CEA-CNRS-UVSQ, CE Orme des Merisiers, 91191 Gif-sur-Yvette CEDEX, France)
  • Anthony P. Walker (Environmental Sciences Division & Climate Change Science Institute, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, Tennessee, USA)
  • Andrew J. Wiltshire (Met Office Hadley Centre, FitzRoy Road, Exeter EX1 3PB, UK)
  • Rebecca Wright (Tyndall Centre for Climate Change Research, University of East Anglia, Norwich Research Park, Norwich NR4 7TJ, UK and Centre for Ocean and Atmospheric Sciences, School of Environmental Sciences, University of East Anglia, Norwich Research Park, Norwich NR4 7TJ, UK)
  • Sönke Zaehle (Max Planck Institute for Biogeochemistry, P.O. Box 600164, Hans-Knöll-Str. 10, 07745 Jena, Germany)
  • Bo Zheng (Laboratoire des Sciences du Climat et de l'Environnement, Institut Pierre-Simon Laplace, CEA-CNRS-UVSQ, CE Orme des Merisiers, 91191 Gif-sur-Yvette CEDEX, France)
  • Atlas Team Members at LSCE, France
  • P Ciais | A Peregon | P Peylin | P Brockmann | P Bousquet | C Nangini
  • Communications Team
  • A Scrutton | N Hawtin | A Minns | K Mansell (European Climate Foundation)