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Global Carbon Budget
Publications

Papers, Contributors and how to cite Global Carbon Budget 2019

The primary reference for Carbon Budget 2019 is:

Global Carbon Budget 2019, by Pierre Friedlingstein, Matthew W. Jones, Michael O'Sullivan, Robbie M. Andrew, Judith Hauck, Glen P. Peters, Wouter Peters, Julia Pongratz, Stephen Sitch, Corinne Le Quéré, Dorothee C. E. Bakker, Josep G. Canadell, Philippe Ciais, Robert B. Jackson, Peter Anthoni, Leticia Barbero, Ana Bastos, Vladislav Bastrikov, Meike Becker, Laurent Bopp, Erik Buitenhuis, Naveen Chandra, Frédéric Chevallier, Louise P. Chini, Kim I. Currie, Richard A. Feely, Marion Gehlen, Dennis Gilfillan, Thanos Gkritzalis, Daniel S. Goll, Nicolas Gruber, Sören Gutekunst, Ian Harris, Vanessa Haverd, Richard A. Houghton, George Hurtt, Tatiana Ilyina, Atul K. Jain, Emilie Joetzjer, Jed O. Kaplan, Etsushi Kato, Kees Klein Goldewijk, Jan Ivar Korsbakken, Peter Landschützer, Siv K. Lauvset, Nathalie Lefèvre, Andrew Lenton, Sebastian Lienert, Danica Lombardozzi, Gregg Marland, Patrick C. McGuire, Joe R. Melton, Nicolas Metzl, David R. Munro, Julia E. M. S. Nabel, Shin-Ichiro Nakaoka, Craig Neill, Abdirahman M. Omar, Tsuneo Ono, Anna Peregon, Denis Pierrot, Benjamin Poulter, Gregor Rehder, Laure Resplandy, Eddy Robertson, Christian Rödenbeck, Roland Séférian, Jörg Schwinger, Naomi Smith, Pieter P. Tans, Hanqin Tian, Bronte Tilbrook, Francesco N. Tubiello, Guido R. van der Werf, Andrew J. Wiltshire, and Sonke Zaehle (2019), Earth System Science Data, 11, 1783-1838, 2019, DOI: 10.5194/essd-11-1783-2019.

Contact lead author: Pierre Friedlingstein

Otherwise please refer as: Global Carbon Project (2019) Carbon budget and trends 2019. [www.globalcarbonproject.org/carbonbudget] published on 4 December 2019, along with any other original peer-reviewed papers and data sources as appropriate.

Additional Analyses for Carbon Budget 2019:

Carbon dioxide emissions continue to grow despite emerging climate policies by G.P. Peters, R.M. Andrew, J.G. Canadell, P. Friedlingstein, R.B. Jackson, JI. Korsbakken, C. Le Quéré, and A. Peregon (2019), Nature Climate Change, 2019. DOI: 10.1038/s41558-019-0659-6.

Persistent fossil fuel growth threatens the Paris Agreement and planetary health by RB Jackson , P Friedlingstein,RM Andrew, JG Canadell,C Le Quéré and GP Peters (2019), Environmental Research Letters, 2019. DOI: 10.1088/1748-9326/ab57b3.

Access to papers

For data sources refer to Data.

Contributors to Global Carbon Budget 2019

  • Pierre Friedlingstein (College of Engineering, Mathematics and Physical Sciences, University of Exeter, Exeter EX4 4QF, UK and Laboratoire de Meteorologie Dynamique, Institut Pierre-Simon Laplace, CNRS-ENS-UPMC-X, Departement de Geosciences, Ecole Normale Superieure, 24 rue Lhomond, 75005 Paris, France)
  • Matthew W. Jones (Tyndall Centre for Climate Change Research, School of Environmental Sciences, University of East Anglia, Norwich Research Park, Norwich NR4 7TJ, UK)
  • Michael O'Sullivan (College of Engineering, Mathematics and Physical Sciences, University of Exeter, Exeter EX4 4QF, UK)
  • Robbie M. Andrew (CICERO Center for International Climate Research, Oslo 0349, Norway)
  • Judith Hauck (Alfred Wegener Institute Helmholtz Centre for Polar and Marine Research, Postfach 120161, 27515 Bremerhaven, Germany)
  • Glen P. Peters (CICERO Center for International Climate Research, Oslo 0349, Norway)
  • Wouter Peters (Wageningen University, Environmental Sciences Group, P.O. Box 47, 6700AA, Wageningen, the Netherlands and University of Groningen, Centre for Isotope Research, Groningen, the Netherlands)
  • Julia Pongratz (Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität München, Luisenstr. 37, 80333 Munich, Germany and Max Planck Institute for Meteorology, Hamburg, Germany)
  • Stephen Sitch (College of Life and Environmental Sciences, University of Exeter, Exeter EX4 4RJ, UK)
  • Corinne Le Quéré (Tyndall Centre for Climate Change Research, School of Environmental Sciences, University of East Anglia, Norwich Research Park, Norwich NR4 7TJ, UK)
  • Dorothee C. E. Bakker (Tyndall Centre for Climate Change Research, School of Environmental Sciences, University of East Anglia, Norwich Research Park, Norwich NR4 7TJ, UK)
  • Josep G. Canadell (CSIRO Oceans and Atmosphere, G.P.O. Box 1700, Canberra, ACT 2601, Australia)
  • Philippe Ciais (Laboratoire des Sciences du Climat et de l'Environnement, Institut Pierre-Simon Laplace, CEACNRS-UVSQ, CE Orme des Merisiers, 91191 Gif-sur-Yvette CEDEX, France)
  • Robert B. Jackson (Department of Earth System Science, Woods Institute for the Environment, and Precourt Institute for Energy, Stanford University, Stanford, CA 94305–2210, USA)
  • Peter Anthoni (Karlsruhe Institute of Technology, Institute of Meteorology and Climate, Research/Atmospheric Environmental Research, 82467 Garmisch-Partenkirchen, Germany)
  • Leticia Barbero (Cooperative Institute for Marine and Atmospheric Studies, Rosenstiel School for Marine and Atmospheric Science, University of Miami, Miami, FL 33149, USA and National Oceanic & Atmospheric Administration/Atlantic Oceanographic & Meteorological Laboratory (NOAA/AOML), Miami, FL 33149, USA and -2 Onogawa, Tsukuba, Ibaraki, 305-8506, Japan)
  • Ana Bastos (Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität München, Luisenstr. 37, 80333 Munich, Germany)
  • Vladislav Bastrikov (Laboratoire des Sciences du Climat et de l'Environnement, Institut Pierre-Simon Laplace, CEACNRS-UVSQ, CE Orme des Merisiers, 91191 Gif-sur-Yvette CEDEX, France)
  • Meike Becker (Geophysical Institute, University of Bergen, Bergen, Norway and Bjerknes Centre for Climate Research, Allegaten 70, 5007 Bergen, Norway)
  • Laurent Bopp (Laboratoire de Meteorologie Dynamique, Institut Pierre-Simon Laplace, CNRS-ENS-UPMC-X, Departement de Geosciences, Ecole Normale Superieure, 24 rue Lhomond, 75005 Paris, France)
  • Erik Buitenhuis (Tyndall Centre for Climate Change Research, School of Environmental Sciences, University of East Anglia, Norwich Research Park, Norwich NR4 7TJ, UK)
  • Naveen Chandra (Earth Surface System Research Center (ESS), Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology (JAMSTEC), Yokohama, 236-0001, Japan)
  • Frédéric Chevallier (Laboratoire des Sciences du Climat et de l'Environnement, Institut Pierre-Simon Laplace, CEACNRS-UVSQ, CE Orme des Merisiers, 91191 Gif-sur-Yvette CEDEX, France)
  • Louise P. Chini (Department of Geographical Sciences, University of Maryland, College Park, Maryland 20742, USA)
  • Kim I. Currie (NIWA/UoO Research Centre for Oceanography, P.O. Box 56, Dunedin 9054, New Zealand)
  • Richard A. Feely (Pacific Marine Environmental Laboratory, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration,)
  • Marion Gehlen (Laboratoire des Sciences du Climat et de l'Environnement, Institut Pierre-Simon Laplace, CEACNRS-UVSQ, CE Orme des Merisiers, 91191 Gif-sur-Yvette CEDEX, France)
  • Dennis Gilfillan (Research Institute for Environment, Energy, and Economics, Appalachian State University, Boone, North Carolina, USA)
  • Thanos Gkritzalis (Flanders Marine Institute (VLIZ), InnovOceanSite, Wandelaarkaai 7, 8400 Ostend, Belgium)
  • Daniel S. Goll (Lehrstuhl fur Physische Geographie mit Schwerpunkt Klimaforschung, Universität Augsburg, Augsburg, Germany)
  • Nicolas Gruber (Environmental Physics Group, ETH Zurich, Institute of Biogeochemistry and Pollutant Dynamics and Center for Climate Systems Modeling (C2SM), Zurich, Switzerland)
  • Sören Gutekunst (GEOMAR Helmholtz Centre for Ocean Research Kiel, Dusternbrooker Weg 20, 24105 Kiel, Germany)
  • Ian Harris (NCAS-Climate, Climatic Research Unit, School of Environmental Sciences, University of East Anglia, Norwich Research Park, Norwich NR4 7TJ, UK)
  • Vanessa Haverd (CSIRO Oceans and Atmosphere, G.P.O. Box 1700, Canberra, ACT 2601, Australia)
  • Richard A. Houghton (Woods Hole Research Center (WHRC), Falmouth, MA 02540, USA)
  • George Hurtt (Department of Geographical Sciences, University of Maryland, College Park, Maryland 20742, USA)
  • Tatiana Ilyina (Max Planck Institute for Meteorology, Hamburg, Germany)
  • Atul K. Jain (Department of Atmospheric Sciences, University of Illinois, Urbana, IL 61821, USA)
  • Emilie Joetzjer (Centre National de Recherche Meteorologique, Unite mixte de recherche)
  • Jed O. Kaplan (Department of Earth Sciences, University of Hong Kong, Pokfulam Road, Hong Kong)
  • Etsushi Kato (Institute of Applied Energy (IAE), Minato-ku, Tokyo 105-0003, Japan)
  • Kees Klein Goldewijk (PBL Netherlands Environmental Assessment Agency, Bezuidenhoutseweg 30, P.O. Box 30314, 2500 GH, The Hague, the Netherlands and Faculty of Geosciences, Department IMEW, Copernicus Institute of Sustainable Development, Heidelberglaan 2, P.O. Box 80115, 3508 TC, Utrecht, the Netherlands)
  • Jan Ivar Korsbakken (CICERO Center for International Climate Research, Oslo 0349, Norway)
  • Peter Landschützer (Max Planck Institute for Meteorology, Hamburg, Germany)
  • Siv K. Lauvset (NORCE Norwegian Research Centre, NORCE Climate, Jahnebakken 70, 5008 Bergen, Norway and Bjerknes Centre for Climate Research, Allegaten 70, 5007 Bergen, Norway)
  • Nathalie Lefèvre (LOCEAN/IPSL laboratory, Sorbonne Université, CNRS/IRD/MNHN, Paris, France)
  • Andrew Lenton (CSIRO Oceans and Atmosphere, Hobart, Tasmania, Australia and Institute for Marine and Antarctic Studies, University of Tasmania, Hobart, Tasmania, Australia)
  • Sebastian Lienert (Climate and Environmental Physics, Physics Institute and Oeschger Centre for Climate Change Research, University of Bern, Bern, Switzerland)
  • Danica Lombardozzi (National Center for Atmospheric Research, Climate and Global Dynamics, Terrestrial Sciences Section, Boulder, CO 80305, USA)
  • Gregg Marland (Research Institute for Environment, Energy, and Economics, Appalachian State University, Boone, North Carolina, USA)
  • Patrick C. McGuire (Department of Meteorology, Department of Geography & Environmental Science, National Centre for Atmospheric Science, University of Reading, Reading, UK)
  • Joe R. Melton (Climate Research Division, Environment and Climate Change Canada, Victoria, BC, Canada)
  • Nicolas Metzl (LOCEAN/IPSL laboratory, Sorbonne Université, CNRS/IRD/MNHN, Paris, France)
  • David R. Munro (Cooperative Institute for Research in Environmental Sciences, University of Colorado, Boulder, CO, USA)
  • Julia E. M. S. Nabel (Max Planck Institute for Meteorology, Hamburg, Germany)
  • Shin-Ichiro Nakaoka (Center for Global Environmental Research, National Institute for Environmental Studies (NIES),)
  • Craig Neill (CSIRO Oceans and Atmosphere, Hobart, Tasmania, Australia)
  • Abdirahman M. Omar (CSIRO Oceans and Atmosphere, Hobart, Tasmania, Australia and Bjerknes Centre for Climate Research, Allegaten 70, 5007 Bergen, Norway)
  • Tsuneo Ono (Japan Fisheries Research and Education Agency, 2-12-4 Fukuura, Kanazawa-Ku, Yokohama 236-8648, Japan)
  • Anna Peregon (Laboratoire des Sciences du Climat et de l'Environnement, Institut Pierre-Simon Laplace, CEACNRS-UVSQ, CE Orme des Merisiers, 91191 Gif-sur-Yvette CEDEX, France and Institute of Soil Science and Agrochemistry, Siberian Branch Russian Academy of Sciences (SB RAS), Pr. Akademika Lavrentyeva, 8/2, 630090, Novosibirsk, Russia)
  • Denis Pierrot (Cooperative Institute for Marine and Atmospheric Studies, Rosenstiel School for Marine and Atmospheric Science, University of Miami, Miami, FL 33149, USA and National Oceanic & Atmospheric Administration/Atlantic Oceanographic & Meteorological Laboratory (NOAA/AOML), Miami, FL 33149, USA and -2 Onogawa, Tsukuba, Ibaraki, 305-8506, Japan)
  • Benjamin Poulter (NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, Biospheric Sciences Laboratory, Greenbelt, Maryland 20771, USA)
  • Gregor Rehder (Leibniz Institute for Baltic Sea Research Warnemuende (IOW), Seestrasse 15, 18119 Rostock, Germany)
  • Laure Resplandy (Princeton University, Department of Geosciences and Princeton Environmental Institute, Princeton, NJ, USA)
  • Eddy Robertson (Met Office Hadley Centre, FitzRoy Road, Exeter EX1 3PB, UK)
  • Christian Rödenbeck (Max Planck Institute for Biogeochemistry, P.O. Box 600164, Hans-Knöll-Str. 10, 07745 Jena, Germany)
  • Roland Séférian (CNRM (Météo-France/CNRS)-UMR, 3589, Toulouse, France)
  • Jörg Schwinger (PBL Netherlands Environmental Assessment Agency, Bezuidenhoutseweg 30, P.O. Box 30314, 2500 GH, The Hague, the Netherlands and Bjerknes Centre for Climate Research, Allegaten 70, 5007 Bergen, Norway)
  • Naomi Smith (Wageningen University, Environmental Sciences Group, P.O. Box 47, 6700AA, Wageningen, the Netherlands and ICOS Carbon Portal, Lund University, Lund, Sweden)
  • Pieter P. Tans (National Oceanic & Atmospheric Administration, Earth System Research Laboratory (NOAA ESRL), Boulder, CO 80305, USA)
  • Hanqin Tian (International Center for Climate and Global Change Research, School of Forestry and Wildlife Sciences, Auburn University, 602 Ducan Drive, Auburn, AL 36849, USA)
  • Bronte Tilbrook (CSIRO Oceans and Atmosphere, Hobart, Tasmania, Australia and Australian Antarctic Partnership Program, University of Tasmania, Hobart, Tasmania, Australia)
  • Francesco N. Tubiello (Statistics Division, Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, Via Terme di Caracalla, Rome 00153, Italy)
  • Guido R. van der Werf (Faculty of Science, Vrije Universiteit, Amsterdam, the Netherlands)
  • Andrew J. Wiltshire (Met Office Hadley Centre, FitzRoy Road, Exeter EX1 3PB, UK)
  • and Sonke Zaehle (Max Planck Institute for Biogeochemistry, P.O. Box 600164, Hans-Knöll-Str. 10, 07745 Jena, Germany)
  • Atlas Team Members at LSCE, France
  • P Ciais | A Peregon | P Peylin | P Brockmann
  • Communications Team
  • A Scrutton | N Hawtin | A Minns | K Mansell (European Climate Foundation)